Basic Concept Videos
These are a new set of basic videos.
These are helpful for your Intermediate Microeconomic Theory Course. This course is taught at Delhi University in two semesters. In semester 3, Intermediate Microeconomics I and in Semester 4, Intermediate Microeconomics II.
We have also added few videos on Introductory Econometrics, taught in semester 4 of Delhi University, Economics H. We will be adding more as we move on.
If you read Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics, along side these videos, all your basics will be cleared. We have also mentioned Chapter numbers along side, using them, read the text alongside. Similarly, for Econometrics Course, please read Gujarati side by side, along with these videos. We hope they will be helpful to you, whether you are preparing for Semester Exams, MA Economics Entrance, UGC NET Economics or Indian Economic Services.
Intermediate Microeconomic Theory I
 These are the basic videos in Intermediate Microeconomic Theory I . This is taught at Delhi University, Semester III
 If you are from Delhi University, Economics H, then this is the complete syllabus which you have to follow. Readings which are followed are
 Hal Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics
 Nicholson and Snyder, Fundamentals of Microeconomics
 In Delhi University, in semester III, they teach
 Consumer Theory
 Production and Cost Theory
 Perfect Competition (Market Structures) [ This topic I have kept in my videos in Microeconomics II, so if you are preparing for semester III, then you will have to follow Perfect Competition videos from there]
 If you are from Non Economics Background or from Economics background but some other texts are used in your university, you can learn from these videos, concepts still remain same, whichever text is used
 These videos are arranged in the order in which they should be done. Pick up your pen and register, and start writing them out. Nothing is difficult, anything could be learned, put your effort in this and start making notes.
 If these videos are in anyway helpful to you, if they have helped you in any exam, whether Semester, or any other public exam, please drop us a mail

Cobb Douglas Utility function : Demand curve /Normal Good/Substitutes or Complements/Elasticity 2

Perfect Complements Utility Demand curve /Normal Good/Elasticity/Engel Curve/ Income Offer Curve3

Demand function for Perfect Substitutes and One Simple Application  4 

Quasilinear Preferences, Income Offer curve and Engel Curve.  5 

Indifference Curves : Tangency Condition and Optimal Choice  6 

Corner Solutions in Indifference Curve (Part 1) :U = max{x,y}  7 

Corner Solutions in Indifference Curve (Part 2) : U = x^2 + y^2 Concave Preferences  8 

Corner SolutionsIndifference Curve :(Part 3)lexicographic Preferences Economic Bads Neutral 9

Monotonicity of Preferences  Why Indifference Curves are Downward Sloping  10 

Averages are preferred to extremes  Well Behaved Preferences 11

Diminishing MRS  Numerical Examples  Test of Diminishing MRS  MRS as the ratio of MU  12

Monotonic Transformation of a Utility Function  Meaning  Definition  Example  13 

Homethetic Preferences (Part 1)  Meaning  Definition  Simple Proof  14 

Homethetic Preferences (Part 2)All Homogenous are HomotheticNot all Homothetic are Homogenous15

Homothetic functions(Part 3) Income expansion Path  Elasticity Constant MRS along a ray 16

Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference  Meaning  Example  17 

Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference (Part 2)  Violation of WARP  18 

Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference (Part 3)  Violation of WARP Numerical Example  19 

Revealed Preference (Part 4)  Strong Axiom of Revealed Preference  Meaning  Numerical  20 

Substitution Effect and Income Effect Meaning  Diagram  Simple Numerical Example  21 

Sign of Substitution Effect  Revealed Preference Argument  22 

Hicksian Substitution Effect Non Positive Nature of Hicksian Substitution Effect  23 

Slutsky Identity  Slutsky Equation  Normal goods  Inferior Goods  Giffen Goods 24 

Substitution effect & Income Effect  Perfect Complements  Perfect Substitutes  Quasilinear  25 

Intertemporal Choice  Budget Constraint  Present Value Form and Future Value Form  26 

Intertemporal Choice  When Lender remains a lender  When Borrower remains a borrower 27 

Intertemporal Choice and Slutsky Equation  28 

Index numbers  Revealed Preference  Lasperyers and Paasche Quantity Index  29 

Index numbers  Revealed Preference  Lasperyers and Paasche Price Index  30 

Intertemporal Choice  Kinked Budget Constraint  Numerical Example  31 

Work Leisure Choice (Part 1)  Budget Constraint  Labour Supply  Numerical Example  32 

Work Leisure Choice Part 1  Budget Constraint  Labour Supply  Numerical Example  32  HINDI 

Backward Bending Supply Curve of Labour  Work Leisure Choice (Part II)   33 

Overtime Wages and Pure Substitution Effect  Work Leisure Choice (Part 3)  34 

Choice Under Uncertainty  Part 1  Meaning of Expected Value and Expected Utility  35 

Choice Under Uncertainty  Part 2  Risk Averse Individual and Fair Bet  36 

[Choice Under Uncertainty]  Part 3  Risk Aversion  Risk Premium  Certainty Equivalence  37 

[Choice Under Uncertainty] Part 4  Demand for Insurance  Actuarially Fair Insurance Premium  38 

Production Theory Basics  Part 1  Production Function  Isoquant  MRTS  39 

[Production Theory Basics]  Part 2  Relation between Diminishing MU and Diminishing MRTS  40 

[Production Theory Basics]  Part 3  Returns to Scale  CRS  IRS  DRS 

[Production Theory Basics] Elasticity of Substitution  High & Low elasticity of substitution  42 

Examples of Elasticity of Substitution  Cobb Douglas  Perfect Complement  Perfect Substitutes43

[Production Theory Basics] [Part 6] Technical Progress using the production function concept  44 

[Production Theory Basics] Part 7  Numerical Examples from Production Theory  45 

[Cost Theory Basics] Meaning of Cost Minimisation  Tangency between Isocost Line and Isoquant 46

Derivation of Cost function from production function  Cobb Douglas  Perfect Complements 47

[Cost Theory Basics] [Part 3 ] Conditional Input Demand Function Responses Comparative Statics48

[Cost Theory Basics] [Part 4] Short run and Long Run Costs  Cobb Douglas Production function  49 

[Cost Theory Basics] [Part 5] Relation between AC and MC  Interpretation  Numerical Example  50 
Intermediate Microeconomic Theory II
 These are the basic videos in Intermediate Microeconomic Theory II . This is taught at Delhi University, Economics H, Semester IV. This is a work in progress. I am still in the process of making these videos
 If you are from Delhi University, Economics H, then this is the complete syllabus which you have to follow. Readings which are followed are
 Hal Varian, Intermediate Microeconomics
 Nicholson and Snyder, Fundamentals of Microeconomics
 In Delhi University, in semester IV, they teach
 General Equilbrium Analysis
 Welfare Economics
 Market Structures
 Perfect Competition
 Imperfect Competion
 Monopoly
 Oligopoly
 Monopolistic Competition
 Game Theory (Basic Non Cooperative Games)
 Asymmetric Information : Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection
 Public Goods and Externalities
 If you are from Non Economics Background or from Economics background but some other texts are used in your university, you can learn from these videos, concepts still remain same, whichever text is used
 These videos are arranged in the order in which they should be done. Pick up your pen and register, and start writing them out. Nothing is difficult, anything could be learned, put your effort in this and start making notes.
 If these videos are in anyway helpful to you, if they have helped you in any exam, whether Semester, or any other public exam, please drop us a mail

Basics of Edgeworth Box Diagram  Net Buyer  Net Seller  Feasible Allocation  1 

Meaning of Pareto Efficient Allocation 2

Examples of Pareto Efficiency  Numerical  Cobb Douglas Cobb Douglas  Cobb Douglas  Min  3 

Competitive Equilibrium Condition MRS 1 = MRS 2 = Price Ratio  4 

[Microeconomics II] Walras Law  Value of Aggregate excess demand vector is zero at all prices  5 

[Microeconomics II] Numerical  Competitive Equilbrium Price and Allocation  7 

[Microeconomics II ] Walras Law  Another Proof  6 

[Microeconomics II] First Welfare Theorem  Proof  All Market Equilibrium are Pareto efficient 8

[Microeconomics II] First Welfare Theorem  Simple Monopoly Case  9 

[Microeconomics II] First Welfare Theorem  Part 3  Perfectly Discriminating Monopolist  10 

[Microeconomics II] Second Welfare Theorem  Convex Preferences  Non Convex Preferences  11 

[Microeconomics II] Welfare Economics  Aggregation of Preferences  Majority Voting Method  12 

[Microeconomics II] Welfare Economics  Rank Order Voting  Condorcet Paradox  Borda Count  13 

[Microeconomics II] Welfare Economics  Arrow Impossibility Theorem  Meaning  Part 1  14 

[Microeconomics II] Welfare Economics  Arrow Impossibility Theorem  Part 2  15 

[Microeconomics II]  Types of Social Welfare Functions  Benthamite  Rawlasian  Nietzsian 16 

[Microeconomics II]Maximization of Welfare  Utility Possibility Frontier  Iso Welfare curves 17

[Microeconomics II]  Any Pareto Optimal Allocation must be Welfare Maximizing for some SWF  18 

[Game Theory Introduction]  Dominant Strategy Equilibrium  Meaning of Nash Equilibrium  19 

[Basics Of Game Theory]  Is Nash Equilibrium Unique and Pareto optimal  Will it always exist 20

[Game Theory Basics] Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibrium Example  Best Response Functions  21

[Game Theory Basics] Sequential Form Games  Battle of Sexes  Non Credible Threat  22 

[Game Theory Basics] Subgame Perfect Nash Equilibrium Example  Wrting Strategies of Players  23 

Perfect Competition  Part 1 Features  Demand Curve of a Firm in Perfect Competition  24 

Market Structures Basics  Part 2  Perfect Competition  Profit Maximizing Condition P= MC  25 

Market Structures Basics  Part 3  P= MC is not a sufficient condition  Shut Down Point  26 

Market Structures  Part 4  Perfect Competition Producer Surplus = Profits plus Fixed Costs  27 

Market Structures  Part 5  Perfect Competition Numericals Supply Function  Producer Surplus28

Market Structures Basics  Part 6  Marginal Revenue and Elasticity  Perfect Competition  29 

Market Structures  Part 7 Profit Maximization  Example  Cobb Douglas Production Function  30 

Market Structures  Part 8  Short Run Profit Maximization Value of Marginal Product = wage 31 

Market Structures  Part 9  Isoprofit Lines and VMP=W condition  Comparative Statics  32 

Market Structures  Monopoly  Part 1  Meaning of a Monopoly and Barriers to Entry  33 

Monopoly  Part 2 Monopoly Profit Max  Monopolist will never operate at inelastic portion  34 

Market Structures Basics  Monopoly  Part 3  Meaning and Derivation of Lerner's Index  35 

Market Structures  Monopoly  Part 4 Deadweight loss of Monopoly  Inefficiency of a Monopoly 36

Market Structures  Monopoly  Part 5  Monopoly and Product Quality  37

Monopoly  Part 6  First Degree (Perfect) Price Discrimination  No Deadweight loss  38 

Monopoly  Part 7  Third Degree Price Discrimination  Meaning  Mathematical Condition  39

Monopoly  Part 8  Calculating Third Degree Price Discrimination  Uniform Pricing 40 

Monopoly  Part 9  Natural Monopoly  Meaning  Features  Diagram  41 

[Market Structures] Oligopoly  Part 1  Bertrand Equilibrium  Proof of Bertrand Nash P=MC  42 

Oligopoly Market Structures  Part 2  Bertrand Paradox  Avoid Bertrand Paradox  43 

Oligopoly Part 3  Market Structures  Cournot Equilibrium  Numerical  Efficiency  44 

[Market Structures] Oligopoly  Part 4  Bertrand vs Cournot Comparison. 45 

[Oligopoly Market Structures]  Part 5  Capacity Constraints under Bertrand Competition  46 

[Oligopoly Market Structures]  Part 6  Bertrand Competition with Differentiated Products  46 

[Oligopoly Market Structures]  Part 7  Tacit Collusion  Finitely Repeated Game  48 

[Oligopoly Market Structures ]( Part 8)  Tacit Collusion  Infinitely Repeated Game  49 

Asymmetric Information  Examples  Meaning  Part 1  50 
ECONOMETRICS
 This is taught at Semester IV , Economics H, Delhi University
 The text which is followed is ” Essentials of Econometrics” by Gujarati
 I am in the process of making these videos
 If you want to learn Econometrics, these videos can serve as a starting point, but again the expectation is that you will be reading the text side by side and making notes; then only you can gain full benefit out of them
 If these videos are in anyway helpful to you, if they have helped you in any exam, whether Semester, or any other public exam, please drop us a mail

[Econometrics] Population Regression Line  Meaning  Stochastic PRF  Non Stochastic PRF  1 

[Econometrics] Sample Regression Function  Nature of Stochastic Error Term  2 

[Econometrics] Linear in Parameters  Method of OLS  Estimation Intercept and Slope terms  3 

[Econometrics] Properties of Regression Line  4 

[Econometrics Assumptions of CLRM  Classical Linear Regression Model  5 

[Econometrics] Unbiasedness of Slope Estimator  Simple Proof  6 

[Econometrics] Variance of Regression Coefficients  Slope estimator  beta two hat  7 

[Econometrics] Gauss Markov Theorem  PART 1  Unbiasedness  Variance of beta 2 hat   8 

[Econometrics] Gauss Markov Theorem  Part 2  Proof  Minimum Variance   9 

[Econometrics] Coefficient of Determination r2  TSS = ESS + RSS  10 

[Econometrics] Regression through Origin  Without Intercept Model  11 

[Econometrics] Scaling and Units of Measurement  12 

Introductory Econometrics  Functional Forms  Log Lin Model  Meaning and Interpretation 13 

Introductory Econometrics  Functional Forms  Log Lin Model How to calculate growth rates  14 

Introductory Econometrics  Functional Forms  Lin Log Model  Meaning and Interpretation  15 

Introductory Econometrics and Statistics  Random Variable  Bernoulli Random Variable  16 

Econometrics & Statistics  Discrete Random Variable & Probability distribution function  17 

Econometrics and Statistics  Cumulative Distribution Function  Example  18 

Econometrics and Statistics  Continuous Random Variable  Probability Distribution Function 19

Econometrics and Statistics  Mathematical Expectation of a discrete random variable  Examples20

Econometrics and Statistics  Variance of a discrete random variable  Bernoulli rv  21 

Econometrics and Statistics  Questions on Variance of discrete rv  Change of origin and scale 22

Introductory Econometrics and Statistics  Continuous Probability Density functions  Examples  23

Cumulative Density function of a Continuous Random Variable  Examples  24 

Econometrics and Statistics  Expectation of a continuous random variable  Examples  25 

Deleted video

Joint Probability Distribution  Discrete random variable  Definition  Example  26 

Joint Probability Distribution & Joint Cumulative Distribution Function  Discrete rv  27 

Joint Probability Density Function of a continuous random variable  Definition  Example  28 

Marginal Distribution Function  Marginal Density Function  29 

Introductory Econometrics and Statistics  Conditional Distribution  Definition  Example  30 

Introductory Econometrics and Statistics  Moments about Origin and Arbitrary Point  31 

Moments about Mean  Central Moments  Meaning , Definition and Basic Properties  32 

Introductory Econometrics and Statistics  Properties of Moments about mean and origin  Part 2 

Introductory Econometrics and Statistics  Numerical on Moments about mean and origin  34 

Skewness  Meaning and Types  Formula  Positively Skewed  Negatively Skewed  35 

Measures of Skewness  Karl Pearson's measure of Skewness  Bowley's measure of Skewness  36 

Kurtosis  Meaning  Types  Mesokurtic  Leptokurtic  Platykurtic  37 

Binomial Distribution  Mean and Variance  Meaning  Difference from Bernoulli distribution  38 

Multinomial Distribution  Meaning  Example  39 

Negative Binomial Distribution  Meaning  Example  40 

Geometric Distribution  Meaning  Example  41 

Poisson Distribution  Meaning  Examples 42 

Normal Distribution  Meaning  Characteristics  Part 1  43 

Normal Distribution  Simple Example  Part 2  44 

Standard Normal Distribution  Meaning  Table  Example  Part 3 

Student tdistribution  Meaning  Difference from Normal Distribution  46 
International Trade

International Trade  Law of Absolute Advantage  Meaning  Gains from Trade  1 

[International Trade] Law of Comparative Advantage  Meaning  Gains from Trade  2 

[International Trade] Ricardian Model Part 1 Production Possibility Frontier in Home & Foreign 3

[International Trade] Ricardian Model  Part 2  Autarky and Free Trade Equilibrium Price  4 

[International Trade] Ricardian Model  Part 3 Relative Supply and Demand Curves in Autarky  5 

[International Trade] Ricardian Model Part 4  World Relative Supply and Demand under Free Trade6

[International Trade] Ricardian Model  Part 5  Numerical Question  World Relative Supply  7 

International Trade [Ricardian Model]Part 6 Numerical Comparative Advantage Gains from Trade8

[International Trade] Ricardian Model  Part 7  Relative Wages  9 

[International Trade]Ricardian Model  Part 8  Equilibrium Relative Prices 10

[International Trade]Specific Factors Model  Part 1   Meaning  Assumptions  11 

[International Trade] Specific Factors Model  Part 2  Production Possibilities Frontier  12 

[International Trade] Specific Factors Model  Part 3  Prices, wages and Labour Allocation  13 

Specific Factors Model Part 4 Impact on Income Distribution due to change in Relative Prices 14

[International Trade]Specific Factors Model  Part 5  Trade in Specific Factors Model  15 

[International Trade] Specific Factors Model  Part 6  Income Distribution and Gains from Trade16

[International Trade] Specific Factors Model  Part 7  International labour Mobility  17 

[International Trade] Heckscher Ohlin Model  Part 1 Meaning &Comparison with Ricardian Model 18 

StolperSamuelson Theorem and Magnification Effect of Prices Meaning and Intuition  HO Model 19

[International Trade] HeckscherOhlin Model(Part 3) Meaning of Factor Price Equalisation Theorem20

[International Trade] HeckscherOhlin Model  Part 4  Assumptions of HO Theorem and Kinked PPC 21

HeckscherOhlin Model  Part 5  PPF  Isovalue line  Factor Intensity  Relative Abundance  22 

HO Model  Part 6  Relation between Input price & commodity price  Rybczynski Effect  23 

Heckscher Ohlin Model  Part 7  Statement of HO Theorem  Convergence of Relative Prices  24 

[International Trade] HO Theorem  Part 8  Meaning of Factor Price Equalisation Theorem  25 

[International Trade] HO Theorem  Part 9  Meaning of Rybczynski Theorem  26 

[International Trade] HO Theorem (Part 10)  Leontief Paradox  Factor Intensity Reversal  27 

Standard Trade Model  Part 1  Relative Price, Relative Supply, Relative Demand  28 

Standard Trade Model Part 2Terms of Trade StronglyMildly BiasedExportImport Biased Growth 29

International Trade  Standard Trade Model [Part 3] Immiserizing Growth  Meaning  30 

Standard Trade Model  Part 4  Import Tariff  Export Subsidy  Terms of Trade  31 

Standard Trade Model  Part 5  Implication of Terms of Trade due to Import Tariff  32 

Standard Trade Model  Part 6  Implication of Terms of Trade Effects due to Export Subsidy  33 

[International Trade] Instruments of Trade Policy  Import Quota  34 

[International Trade] External Economies of Scale  Sources  Market Equilibrium  35 

External Economies of Scale  International Trade  Pattern of Trade  Historical Contingency  36 

[International Trade]When Trade based on External economies is not necessarily welfare improving37

External Economies of Scale Dynamic Increasing Returns  Learning Curve  Infant Industry Arg 38

[International Trade] Internal Economies of Scale  Market Equilibrium  CC Curve  PP Curve  39

Internal Economies of Scale  Trade in Monopolistic Competition  Increase in Market Size  40 

Internal Economies of Scale  Firm Responses to Trade  Trade affecting Industry Performance  41 

Internal Economies of Scale  Effects of Increase in Market Size Gainers and Losers  42 

Internal Economies of Scale  Trade Costs and Export Decisions by Firms  43 
Basic Mathematics I

The Real number System  What are Real, rational, irrational, Integers,Whole,Natural numbers  1 

The Real Number Line  Meaning  2 

Properties of the Real Numbers  3 

Set Theory  Part 1  What are sets how we denote them  Phi, Finite, Infinite Sets  4 

Set Theory  Part 2  Set Operations  Union of Two sets Laws involving the Union of Sets  5 

Set Theory  Part 3  Set Operations  Introduction to intersection and difference of Sets  6 

 Set Theory  Part 4  Subsets and Powerset  7 

Set Theory  Part 5  Introduction to Relations  8 

Set Theory  Part 6  Reflexive and Anti Reflexive Relations  9 

Symmetric, Anti Symmetric and Asymmetric Relations on a set  10 

Transitive Relations  Examples of relations that are reflexive , symmetric, transitive  11 

Equivalence relation, Divisibility example  12 

Basic Modular Arithmetic and Equivalence classes  13 

Relations and Functions  Vertical Line Test  Basics  14 

Domain of a Function  15 

Functions  Part 3 Range of a function  Codomain and Range of a function  16 

Functions  Part 4  Types of Functions  Injective, Bijective, Surjective and other types  17 

Functions  Part 5  Types of Functions  Bijection and Inverse of a Function  18 

Functions  Part 6  Types of Functions  Functions and Graphs  19 

Functions  Part 7  Some important graphs  Cubic , Square Root, Modulus functions graphs  20 

Functions  Part 8  Graph Transformation Vertical and Horizontal Shift 21

Functions  Part 9  Graph Transformation by Stretching and Reflection  22 

Functions  Part 10  Inverse Function Basic to Graph 23

Functions  Part 11  How to use Graph to Find Area and to show that Inverse is Symmetric 24

Functions  Part 12  Even and Odd Functions 25

Functions  Part 13  The Absolute value Function Graph and Transformations 26

Functions  Part 14  Absolute Value Equations 27

Functions  Part 15  Absolute Value Inequations  28 

Functions  Part 16  The Exponential Function  29 
Basic Mathematics II

Limits  Introduction to the Concept of Limits  An Intuitive Approach  1 

Limits  One Sided Limits  2 

Limits  Infinite Limits and Vertical Asymptotes  3 

Limits  limits at Infinity and Horizontal Asymptotes 4 

Limits  Concept of Continuity 5

Limits  Continuous Functions on Open and Closed Intervals  6 
Intermediate Macroeconomics

Solow Growth Model  Part 1  Assumptions  Production function  1 

Solow Growth Model  Part 2  Production function  Intensive form of Production function  2 

Solow Growth Model  Part 3  Capital Accumulation Equation  3 

Solow Growth Model  Part 4  Key Equation of Solow Model  4 

Solow Growth Model  Part 5  Solow Diagram  Capital Deepening  Capital Widening  5 

Solow Growth Model  Part 6  Comparative Statics Derivation of steady state level of k and y  6 

Solow Growth Model  Part 7  Transition Dynamics in Solow Model  7 

Solow Growth Model with Technological Progress  Part 1  8 

Solow Growth Model with Technological Progress  Part 2  9 

Solow Growth Model with Technological Progress  Part 3  Growth Effects  Level Effects  10 

Convergence and Solow Growth Model  Part 1  Meaning  11 

Convergence and Solow Growth Model  Part 2  Diagram  Predictions 12 

Solow Growth Model  Complete  All Topics  4 hours 

Economics of Ideas  Economics Growth  Intermediate Macroeconomics  Jones  14 

Economics of Ideas  Part 2  Features of Ideas Economics Growth  Intermediate Macroeconomics 15

Uncertainty with Macroeconomic Models  Part 1  Use of Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy  13 

Uncertainty with Macroeconomic Models  Part 2  Use of Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy  14 

Uncertainty with Macroeconomic Models  Part 3  Expectations and Policy 15 

Uncertainty with Macro Models Part 4 Time Inconsistency  Rules better than discretion  16 

How Central banks can credibly commit to the announced policy  Part 5  Uncertainty in Macro Models

Games Policy Makers play with Voters  Restraints on Policy Makers  Uncertainty of Macro Models18

Games between Policy Makers  Restraints on Policy Makers  Uncertainty of Macro Models 19

Government Budget Constraint  Expression  Meaning  Fiscal Policy : Summing Up  20 

Government Budget Constraint  Full Repayment of Debt in Year 2 and Year t  21 

The Basic Logic of Ricardian Equivalence  Part 1  22 

Economics of Ideas  Part 3  Features of Ideas  Non Excludable & IRS  Intermediate Macro  16 

The Romer Model of Economic Growth  Romer Model of Endogenous Growth  Introduction  Part 1  17 

The Romer Model of Economic Growth  Part 2   Endogenous Technological Progress  18 

The Romer Model of Economic Growth  The Romer Economy  Part 3 

The Romer Model of Endogenous Growth  The Romer Economy  Intermediate Goods Sector  Part 4 

The Romer Model  Endogenous Technological Progress  Part 5 

The Romer Model  Endogenous Technological Progress  The Research Sector  Part 6 

The Romer Model  Endogenous Technological Progress  Balanced Growth Path Equation Part 7 

The Romer Model of Endogenous Growth Endogenous Technological Progress  Special Cases  Part 8 

The Romer Model  Endogenous Technological Progress  Part 9 

The Romer Model of Endogenous Growth  Romer Equation  IIT JAM Economics  UGC NET Economics 

Components of Balance of Payments  Introduction  Current Account and Capital Account  26 

External Accounts must Balance  Current Account +Capital Account = 0 Open economy Macroeconomics 

External Accounts must Balance  How current A/c surplus is used / current A/c deficit financed 28

Summary of Economic Survey 2023  IIT JAM Economics  UGC NET Economics 

Meaning of Real Exchange Rate  Real Exchange rate and Nominal Exchange Rate  RER formula  29 

Who gave different theories in Macroeconomics Names of different economists who propounded theories

Who gave different theories in International Trade  Names of economists 
Prerequisite for Intermediate Microeconomics I

Budget Constraint  Taxes , Rationing , Quantity Discounts  Very Basic  1.1 

Rules of Differentiation  With Economic Applications  Very Basic  1.2 

Maximization of One Variable Function  Profit function Example  Very Basic  1.3 

Partial Differentiation Introduction  Functions of Several Variables  Very Basic  1.4 

Differentials  Meaning  Total Derivatives  Second Order Derivative  1.5 

Necessary and Sufficient conditions Maxima and Minima Functions of several variables Very Basic 

Example  Max or Min of functions of more than one variables  Saddle Point  Very Basic  1.7 

Lagrange Multiplier Method  Theory  Part 1  Constrained Optimization  1.8 

Lagrangian Multiplier Method  Examples  Simple Economic Applications  Part 2  1.9 

Envelope Theorem  Simple Examples  Meaning 
Basic Maths Revision

Basic Maths Revision  Part 1  IGIDR  MSE (Madras School of Economics)

Basic Maths Revision  Part 2  IGIDR  MSE (Madras School of Economics)

Basic Maths Revision  Part 3  IGIDR  MSE (Madras School of Economics)

Basic Maths Revision  Part 4  IGIDR  MSE (Madras School of Economics)

Basic Maths Revision  Part 5  Probability Basics  IGIDR  Madras School of Economics  MSE 
Applied Econometrics

Applied Econometrics  Part 1  Assumptions of CLRM in Matrix Notation  1 

Applied Econometrics  Part 2  OLS estimator beta hat in Matrix Notation  2 

Applied Econometrics  Part 3  Derivation of Variance Covariance Matrix beta hat  3 

Applied Econometrics  Part 4  Some rules of Matrix Differentiation  beta hat in Matrix Notation 
Indian Economics

Mahalanobis Model  Economic Growth in Nehru Era  P Balakrishnan  Part 1 

Wage Goods Model Vakil Brahmananda Plan  Economic Growth in Nehru Era  P Balakrishnan  Part 2 

Critique of Wage Goods Model Vakil Brahmanand Plan  Part 3  P Balakrishnan

Indian Economics MCQs  Part 1  Economics Entrances  MSE  CUET 

Indian Economics MCQs  Part 2  Economics Entrances  MSE  CUET 

Indian Economics MCQs  Part 3  Economics Entrances  MSE  CUET 

Indian Economics  Comparison of growth rates in Nehru era  P Balakrishnan  Part 4 

Misperceptions about Nehru Mahalanobis Model  Neglect of Agriculture  P Balakrishnan  Part 5 

Misperceptions about Nehru Mahalanobis Model  Role of Public Sector  P Balakrishnan  Part 6 

Indian Economics  India's Long Road  The Search for Prosperity  Vijay Joshi  Part 1 

Indian Economics  India's Long Road  The Search for Prosperity  Vijay Joshi  Part 2 

Indian Economics  India's Long Road  The Search for Prosperity  Vijay Joshi  Part 3 

Indian Economics  Moving India to a New Growth Trajectory  Rakesh Mohan  Part 1 

Indian Economics  Moving India to a New Growth Trajectory  Rakesh Mohan  Part 2 

Indian Economics  Moving India to a New Growth Trajectory  Rakesh Mohan  Part 3 

Indian Economics  Moving India to a New Growth Trajectory  Rakesh Mohan  Part 4 

Indian Economics  India's Tryst with Destiny  Bhagwati and Panagariya  Part 1 

Indian Economics  India's Tryst with Destiny  Bhagwati and Panagariya  Part 2 

Indian Economics  Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen  India An Uncertain Glory  Part 1 

Indian Economics  Dreze and Sen  India An Uncertain Glory  Part 2 

Indian Economics  Dreze and Sen  India An Uncertain Glory  Part 3 

Indian Economics  Dreze and Sen  India An Uncertain Glory  Part 4  Development & Environment18

Indian Economics  Lecture 19 Demographic Changes in India  Part 1  KS James and Srinivas Goli 

Demographic Changes in India  Lecture 20  KS James and Srinivas Goli  Part 2  Mortality Decline

Demographic Changes in India  Lecture 21  James and Srinivas Goli  Part 3  Fertility Decline

Indian Economics  Lecture 22  KS James and Srinivas Goli  Part 4 Life Expectancy  Age Structure

Indian Economics  Lecture 23  James and Goli  Part 5  Preparedness for Demographic Change I 

Indian Economics  Lecture 24  James and Goli  Part 6  Preparedness for Demographic Change II 

Indian Economics  Lecture 25  Demographic Deposit, Dividend and Debt  Part 1 Sonalde Desai 

Indian Economics  Lecture 26  Demographic Deposit, Dividend and Debt  Part 2  Sonalde Desai 

Indian Economics  Lecture 27  Demographic Deposit, Dividend and Debt  Part 3  Sonalde Desai 

Indian Economics  Lecture 28  Demographic Deposit, Dividend and Debt  Part 4  Sonalde Desai 

Indian Economics  Lecture 29  Triple Burden of Malnutrition  Part 1  JV Meenakshi

Indian Economics  Lecture 30  Triple Burden of Malnutrition  Part 2  JV Meenakshi

Indian Economics  Lecture 31  Triple Burden of Malnutrition  Part 3  JV Meenakshi 

Indian Economics  Lecture 32  Triple Burden of Malnutrition  Part 4  JV Meenakshi

Indian Economics  Lecture 33 Triple Burden of MalnutritionPart 5  JV Meenakshi  Energy Intake 

Indian Economics  Lecture 34  Triple Burden of Malnutrition  Part 6  JV Meenakshi 

Indian Economics  Lecture 35  Triple Burden of Malnutrition  Part 7  JV Meenakshi 

Indian Economics  Lecture 36  Poverty Lines  Part 1  Issues in Poverty Estimation 

Indian Economics  Lecture 37  Inequality in India  Part 1  Himanshu 

Indian Economics  Lecture 38  Inequality in India  Part 2  Himanshu 

Indian Economics  Lecture 39  Inequality In India  Part 3  Himanshu 

Indian Economics  Lecture 40  Changes in Labour Market in India  Part 1  Jayan Thomas 

Indian Economics  Lecture 41  Changes in Labour Market in India  Part 2  Jayan Thomas 

Indian Economics  Lecture 42  Changes in Labour Market in India  Jayan Thomas 

Indian Economics  India in Comparative Perspective  Part 1  Dreaze and Sen 

Indian Economics  India in Comparative Perspective Bangladesh Case StudyPart 2  Dreze and Sen 

Indian Economics  India in Comparative Perspective  Part 3 Comparison among BRIC Dreze and Sen 

Indian Economics  Economic Reforms and Growth  India China  Part 1  Pranab Bardhan  Lecture 46
Indian Economics II

Indian Economics  India's Inward ReTurn  Shoumitro Chatterjee & Arvind Subramanian  Part 1

India's Re Turn Inward  Arvind Subramanian  Shoumitro Chatterjee  Part 2 

Rakesh Mohan and Partha Ray  Indian Financial Sector  Part 1 

Indian Economics  Indian Financial Sector  Rakesh Mohan and Partha Ray  Part 2  4 

Indian Economics  Indian Financial Sector  Rakesh Mohan and Partha Ray  Part 3  5 

Indian Economics II  Trade Policy Reforms  Part 1  Harsh Vardhan Singh 

Trade Policy Reforms  Part 2  Harsh Vardhan Singh 

Summary of Economic Survey 2023  Part 2  IIT JAM Economics  UGC NET Economics 

Indian Economics  Trade Policy Reforms  Part 3  Harsh Vardhan Singh  Tariff Reforms in India 8

Indian Economics  Trade Policy Reforms  Part 4   Harsh Vardhan Singh  Lecture 9 

Indian Economics  Trade Policy Reforms  Part 5   Harsh Vardhan Singh  Lecture 10 

Trade Policy Reforms  Part 6   Harsh Vardhan Singh  Semester 6  Indian economic services  11 

Trade Policy Reforms  Part 7   Harsh Vardhan Singh  Semester 6  Indian economic services  12 

Employment Generation in Indian Manufacturing UPSC Economics Optional Indian economic services 

A Multitude of Labour Laws and their Reforms  Labour Laws ProblemsBhagwati and Panagariya Part 2

A Multitude of Labour Laws  Adverse Impact of Labour Laws  Bhagwati and Panagariya  Part 3 

A Multitude of Labour Laws  Reforms required in Labour Laws  Bhagwati and Panagariya  Part 4 

[Indian Economics II] Transformation of Indian Agriculture  Mahendra Dev  Part 1 

[Indian Economics II] Transformation of Indian Agriculture  Mahendra Dev  Part 2 

[Indian Economics II Transformation of Indian Agriculture  Part 3  Mahendra Dev 

[Indian Economics II] Transformation of Indian Agriculture  Part 4  Mahendra Dev 

[Indian Economics II] Transformation of Indian Agriculture  Part 5  Mahendra Dev 

[Indian Economy II] India's Services Sector  Rupa Chanda  Complete Reading
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CUET PG Economics Entrance Daily Questions  MA Economics Entrance

AS curve from Cost function  CUET PG Economics 2023  PGQP44  Ques 1  Perfect Competition 

Savings Rate in Solow Model  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics Entrance  PGQP44  2 

Basis and Dimensions  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics Entrance  Ques 3  PGQP44 

Returns to Scale & Growth Accounting  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics  PGPQ44  Q4 

Functions Domain of logarithmic function CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics PGPQ44  Q5 

Mean, Median, Mode and Variance CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q6 

One to one & Many to one functions  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q7 

Indian Economics  Growth & Reforms CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q8 

Subspace and Vector Space  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q9 

Functional Equations  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q10 

Statistics  Mean, Median, Mode CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q 11 

Solow Residual & TFP  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  PGPQ44  Q12

Calculus limits Exponential series  CUET PG Economics 2023 CUET MA Economics 2023 PGPQ44  Q13 

Integral Calculus  CUET MA Economics Entrance  CUET PG Economics Entrance 2023  PGPQ44  Q14 

Lerner's Index  Monopoly CUET MA Economics Entrance CUET PG Economics Entrance 2023 PGPQ44 Q15

Homogenous function & Input Output elasticity  CUET ME Economics Entrance 2023  PGPQ44  Q16 

Matrices  Singular matrices  Properties of adjoint  CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023 PGPQ44Q17

Monopoly  Perfect Price Discrimination CUET PG Economics CUET MA Economics Entrance  PGPQ44Q18

Closed & Open Economy Multiplier  CUET PG Economics CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023  PGPQ44 Q19

Properties of Matrices and DeterminantsCUET MA Economics Entrance 2023CUET PG Economics PGPQ44 

Probability Density functions CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023CUET PG Economics PGPQ44  Q21 

AC, AVC, MC Cost Theory  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023  PGPQ44  Q22 

Continuous Random Variables  Expected Value of X CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023 PGPQ44  Q23 

Conditional probabilityBayes Thorem CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023CUET PG EconomicsPGPQ44Q24 

Consumer Surplus  CUET PG Economics Entrance 2023  CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023  PGPQ44 Q25 

Per Unit Subsidy  Fair Allocation CUET PG Economics CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023  PGPQ44Q26

Mean, Median, Mode, Dispersion CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023CUET PG EconomicsPGPQ44Q27 

Birthday Problem Permutation Combination  CUET MA Economics 2023CUET PG EconomicsPGPQ44Q28 

Balanced Budget & Simple Keynesian Model CUET PG Economics 2023 CUET MA Economics 2023PGPQ44Q29

Real GDP  Real Per Capita GDP  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q30 

Set Theory Application CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q31 

Inverse of an Exponential  Application  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q32 

Finding limits and Derivatives  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q33 

Adjoint of a Matrix  Eigenvalues  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q34 

Gross fiscal deficit and primary deficit  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q35

Maxima Minima  Liebnitz Theorem  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q36 

Inflation rate , Expected Inflation  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics Entrance  Q37

Infinite Sum of a Series Application of e^x  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 Q38

Find the Number of local max min  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q39 

Range  Maxima Minima Extreme Value Theorem  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023 Q40

Eulers Theorem  Application of Derivatives  CUET PG Economics 2023  CUET MA Economics 2023  Q41

Tax Multiplier, Government Multiplier  CUET PG Economics Entrance  CUET MA Economics EntranceQ42

Probability  De Morgan's Law  Mean, Median  CUET PG Economics  CUET MA Economics Entrance Q43 

Expectedd value of a Continuous RV E(X^2)  CUET PG Economics  CUET MA Economics Entrance Q43 

Expectation of Poisson RV E(x+1)  CUET PG Economics Entrance  CUET MA Economics Entrance Q45 

Standard Normal  RV Probability and Inequalities CUET PG EconomicsCUET MA Economics EntranceQ46

Import Quota  International Trade  CUET PG Economics Entrance  CUET MA Economics Entrance Q47

Comparative Advantage  International Trade  CUET MA Economics Entrance CUET PG Economics Q48

Open Economy Macroeconomics CUET PG Economics Entrance  CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023 Q49

Continuous,1to1, Increasing or Decreasing  CUET PG Economics  CUET MA Economics Entrance 2023Q50